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Tuesday, March 20, 2018

4 August 1813 – Battle of Schwabach

Tactical map of battle area
The retreat of 9th and 11th Bavarian corps after the battle of Wendelstein has left 10th Bavarian corps isolated at Schwabach.  

Schwartzenberg orders 2nd Austrian corps to attack them before they can retreat

Both corps have one infantry brigade detached on garrison duty

Austrian – 12000 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
Bavarian – 12000 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
Table at start of wargame
The town of Schwabach is occupied by 10th Bavarian corps
2nd Austrian corps is about to enter the table bottom centre
The Austrians have advanced through the pass and are starting to deploy
Their cavalry, supported by an infantry square, cover the deployment
The Bavarians have not attempted to engage the Austrians in the pass
Their artillery have fired on the infantry as they emerge, but have caused no casualties.

The Austrians are deploying to the right of the road
Their heavy cavalry have engaged the Bavarian light horse
They win the melee and the Bavarian cavalry retire shaken
The Austrian cavalry come under fire from the town, but suffer no casualties.
The Bavarian artillery continue to fire on the Austrians, but again no casualties
Both cavalry brigades withdraw, rally and reform
Two Austrian infantry brigades skirmish with the garrison
The Bavarian light infantry receive 40% casualties but continue to hold
Bavarian artillery, supported by infantry, advance to threaten the attack
Austrian artillery are forced to withdraw
Austrians take the right hand side of the town
They then turn left to attack the right hand side
Bavarians advance to support town
Austrian cavalry charge and rout Bavarian gunners
Bavarian cavalry charge disordered Austrian cavalry
Austrian cavalry retire shaken and disrupt infantry advance

At nightfall the Bavarians continue to hold half of the town
However their cavalry and artillery are both in rout
General Lamotte orders a general retreat
Austrians win the battle

Bavarian lose 1800 casualties and two brigades in rout
Austrians lose 800 casualties