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Monday, August 31, 2015

18 March 1813 – Battle of Castrojarez

Tactical map of battle area

Background to battle
British corps attack French corps at Castrojarez
British – 12000 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
French – 11600 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns

Note – 10 British brigade has 70% casualties and will not take part

Table at start of wargame

Both corps start the game on the table.

British and French cavalry pin each other
French have redeployed their artillery to protect the bridge
This is their only retreat option should they lose the battle
British deploy and send brigade to take hill on the left
The French have ordered the town garrison to join the main battle line
In order to protect the bridge, they have sent one brigade to hold the hill
The two garrison brigades have been ordered to join them
The British have sent two brigades to take the hill
The cavalry have been ordered to engage the French lancers
British dragoons charge the French lancers
However they lose the melee and rout with 10% casualties
They do eventually rally, but probably too late to have any effect on the outcome

The British and Portuguese brigades win the firefight on the hill
The defending French brigade breaks and runs with 20% casualties

However the two garrison brigades are now in support of the hill
And the lancers have returned from their melee and about to rejoin the battle
The British brigade advance and engage the French reserve brigade
The first firefight is a draw, both sides suffer 10% casualties
However the Portuguese brigade now join the firefight
Outnumbered 2 to 1 the French lose 60%  casualties and rout

With two brigades in rout the French accept defeat

The French abandon Castrojarez and retreat under cover of darkness
They have lost 3200 infantry and have two brigades in rout
The French have lost 100 cavalry and 400 infantry

Battle Summary
The Westphalians hold the town, but must also protect the bridge behind them
The British ignore the town and march towards the bridge
The Westphalians send one brigade and the artillery to secure the hill
They also order both brigades to abandon the town and move to support the hill
The British send two brigades to attack the hill
They also send their dragoon brigade to engage the Westphalian lancers
The lancers win the melee, and rout the dragoons
Despite this the British press on and take the hill
Then continue to advance and also rout the reserve brigade
The Westphalians accept defeat and retreat before they lose the bridge.
They have lost 3200 infantry and have two brigades in rout
The British have lost 100 cavalry and 400 infantry