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Monday, August 3, 2015

14 March 1813 – Battle of Agualar

Tactical map of battle area

Background to battle
One British corps has orders to attack Agualar
British – 1200 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
French – 1600 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns

Table at start of wargame
Both corps start on the table.
The two Spanish guerrilla brigades can only fight if attacked

Wellington deploys his cavalry and artillery in the centre
The infantry move to the left of the woods to attack the town

The French cavalry and artillery mirror the British deployment
Two infantry brigades are in garrison in Agualar
Two more move to meet the British attack.

The French artillery redeploy to fire on the British infantry
They are charged by the British hussars.
The French light cavalry fail their morale to counter charge
The gunners are routed with 30% casualties
The French cavalry are shaken by the rout, break and run

The two rifle brigades engage the French infantry outside the city.
They win the initial skirmish exchange and leave both enemy brigades disordered
The three British brigades then move into close range and initiate a fire fight
The town garrison also suffer casualties from artillery fire

French infantry rout
The three British brigades win the firefight
Both French brigades suffer 40% casualties and rout
Two British brigades suffer 10% casualties and are disordered
The nearby town garrison fail their morale because of the rout and are shaken

The French hold the city until nightfall
They then retreat under cover of darkness
The French have lost 3600 infantry and 300 gunners
The British have lost 800 infantry

The result is a convincing victory for the British
They will occupy Agualar on 15 March
The French will retreat towards Escalada

Battle Summary

Although outnumbered Wellington ordered the attack on Agualar
There were two guerrilla brigades close to the town
But they would only fight if they were attacked.
Wellington divided his corps for the attack
The cavalry and artillery would deploy right of the woods
Their task was to bombard the garrison
His three infantry brigades would advance to the left of the woods
They would attack the two French brigades holding the hill to the left of the town

As the infantry neared the hill the French artillery redeployed to engage them
The British cavalry immediately advanced and charged them
The French cavalry failed their morale test to counter charge
The gunners lose 30% casualties and rout
The nearby cavalry are shaken by the rout, fail their morale and also run away

The British infantry open their attack with a skirmish fight
With two rifle brigades they quickly gain the advantage
Both French brigades are disordered and have each lost 10% casualties
The three British brigades advance and initiate a fire fight, which they win
Both French brigades are routed with 3200 casualties between them

The French hold the town until nightfall, when they retreat under cover of darkness
The French have lost 3900 casualties and have four brigades in rout
The British have lost 800 casualties

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