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Tuesday, December 6, 2016

25 May 1813 – Southern Germany – Erlangen Campaign

All Germany
The area outlined in white on the map is the Southern German campaign area.
The Austrian main supply base is at Prague (far right), and the Bavarian base is at
Strasbourg (far left)
Southern Germany with battles fought
At the start of February 1813 Napoleon believed that the Austrians were his loyal allies. He was unaware of the secret treaty signed by the allies on 1 January 1813 which agreed that Prussia, Russia, Austria, England and Spain would all declare war on France.

On 15 February 1813 Marshal Schwartzenberg crossed the Bavarian border and dispersed the small covering force and took the city of Passau

The majority of the Bavarian Army was in northern Germany as part of Napoleon’s new Grande Armee.   He considered the Austrian’s to be allies, and only a small reserve Army was left in Bavaria to contain the ongoing rebellion in the Tyrol.

Schwartzenberg defeated the Bavarian Army and entered Munich on 20 February 1813.

On receiving news of the Austrian betrayal and invasion of Bavaria, Napoleon ordered Marshal Oudinot to form the Third French Army from the Bavarian and Baden troops forming part of the Grande Armee and march south to drive Schwartzenberg out of Bavaria.

By the end of February 1813 Oudinot had concentrated the newly formed Third French Army at Ulm and was ready to cross into Bavaria and engage the Austrians.

Schwartzenberg had secured Munich and deployed his Army just west of the city.

1 March 1813 – Augsburg Campaign.   The Bavarians advance and win the battles of Augsburg and Donauworth.   However the Austrians recover, counter attack and win the second battle of Donauworth.   The Bavarians retreat and are defeated again at second Augsburg.   The Bavarians retake Donauworth but are decisively beaten at Augsburg.   The Bavarians retreat west.

16 March 1813 – Ulm Campaign.   The Austrians pursue and win the battles of Ulm and Goppingen.   Once more the Bavarians are forced to retreat west.

27 March 1813 – Stuttgart Campaign.   The Bavarians win the opening battle at Stuttgart.   But they are defeated at Ludwigsburg and second Stuttgart.   The Austrians have won a third campaign

5 April 1813 – Armistice.  Schwartzenberg accepts Napoleon’s seven day truce.   He does so in order to shift his army from Bavaria north to Bamberg to join forces with the Prussian and Russian armies.   Oudinot reacts by moving his army north to Darmstadt.

12 April 1813 – Bamberg Campaign.   The Bavarians win the first battle at Konigsfeld.   But they are defeated when the Austrians counter attack and win the second battle of Konigsfeld.   The Austrians win the Bamberg Phase.
Erlangen Strategic Map
This extract from the strategic map is the Erlangen campaign area.   Each square on the map is one square on the wargames table.   The Bavarian main supply base is at Furth and the Austrian at Bamberg.   This map is for information only, it is not used for map movement.
Erlangen Tactical Map
This is the campaign map for movement and transferring battles to the wargames table.   Each square is 7 miles or one 2x2 foot scenic square on the wargames table.   There is one scenic square showing the same detail as each square on the map.   Nine of these squares (3x3) are used to create the wargames table.   When a battle is declared the point of impact (the centre square) is the same on the map and on the table. 

Background to the Erlangen Campaign
Oudinot and Schwartzenberg have already fought four campaigns.   The Austrians have won all four.   Both armies have rested, regrouped and are fully operational.

Oudinot must reverse the run of Austrian victories if he is to prevent the total loss of Bavaria.

Third French Army
Marshal Oudinot
9th Bavarian corps
10th Bavarian corps
11th Bavarian corps
12th Baden corps
Each corps has four infantry brigades, one cavalry brigade and corps artillery
There is also a reserve corps of four infantry brigades for garrison duty
Austrian Army
General Schwartzenberg
1st Austrian corps
2nd Austrian corps
3rd Austrian corps
4th Austrian corps
Each corps has four infantry brigades, one cavalry brigade and corps artillery
There is also a reserve corps of four infantry brigades for garrison duty

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