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Thursday, July 2, 2015

11 March 1813 – Battle of Burgos

Tactical map of battle area

Background to battle
Both British and French corps have orders to attack
British – 2400 infantry, 2000 cavalry, 60 guns
French – 3200 infantry, 2000 cavalry, 60 guns
Table at start of wargame

1st British corps arrives on table at the start of move 1

Both armies advance within sight of each other and deploy
It is now clear to the British that they are heavily outnumbered
In addition first blood goes to the French
13th corps artillery cause 10% casualties to 2 dragoons
The cavalry retreat out of artillery range.

1st British corps deploy to hold the bridge and delay 3rd French attack
2nd British corps, supported by 1st corps artillery, advance to attack 13th French.
The British artillery prove ineffective, only causing light casualties
The British dragoons charge the French lancers, but lose the melee and retreat shaken.   They rally and charge again, forcing the lancers to retire shaken.
13th French artillery batter the infantry squares, but the British hold
By late afternoon the British have abandoned the attack and are on hold orders
Heavily outnumbered they are forced to retreat to avoid heavy casualties

The British failure to break 13th corps signals the end of the battle
Outnumbered, and in danger of being pinned against the river, they retreat
The French have lost 400 infantry and one brigade is shaken
The British have lost 400 infantry and 200 cavalry

The battle is a clear French victory
On 12 March the British will retreat
The French remain in control of Burgos

Battle Summary
The French started the battle with a clear advantage
They outnumbered the enemy in infantry
Their CinC was also present to command the two corps
The British plan was for 1st corps to delay 3rd French corps
2nd corps, supported by 1st corps artillery, would attempt to defeat 13th corps
The British cavalry suffered early casualties, and their gunners proved ineffective
The French garrison of Burgos joined 13th corps increasing their greater numbers
By late afternoon both French corps were advancing towards the river
The British were forced to retreat to avoid possible destruction
A clear French victory, even though casualties were light
The French lost 400 casualties
The British lost 600 casualties

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