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Sunday, July 5, 2015

11 March 1813 – Battle of Sarracin

Tactical map of battle area

Background to battle
Both corps have orders to attack
The Spanish garrison will not fight on their own

British – 1200 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
Spanish – 4000 infantry
French – 1600 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
Table at start of wargame
14th French corps will arrived at the start of move 1
The British deploy their artillery and cavalry south of the tow
The infantry deploy west of the town
11 Spanish militia have withdrawn behind the British
The French deploy their artillery and cavalry to counter the British
Three infantry brigades move towards the northern town section
One brigade remains in square to protect the gunners
The French are doing so to keep out of range of the British gunners

British artillery hit lancers, who make morale with 10% casualties
French artillery hit gunners, who fail morale and are shaken with 10% casualties
French and British infantry skirmish in northern half of Sarracin
British fail morale and are shaken with 20% casualties
British infantry advance to engage enemy infantry north of town
British infantry north of town receive 10% casualties, fail morale and rout
This caused garrison to check their morale, they fail and rout into infantry reserve
Reserve also fail  morale and join rout
Further south the shaken British gunners fail morale and rout
The supporting Spanish militia also fail and rout with them
Only the British cavalry remain formed

With his whole corps, less the cavalry, in rout Picton orders a general retreat
The French have lost 100 cavalry
The British have lost 1200 infantry and 100 gunners, and have four brigades in rout

The battle is a clear French victory
The British will retreat on 12 March 1813.

Battle Summary
The battle opened with the Spanish holding the town, supported by British cavalry
Picton arrived first with the remainder of his 3rd corps
He deployed his cavalry and artillery south of the town
The French countered with their artillery and cavalry
They sent their infantry to attack the north of the town, out of artillery range
The British has first blood, against the enemy lancers
But there followed a run of bad luck
First the gunners suffered 100 casualties, were shaken and never recovered
Then the highland brigade lost the skirmish in the town, and were also shaken
Finally Picton lost the skirmish north of the town, and they routed
The rout spread along the whole British line
Only the dragoons were left to cover the retreat
The British lost 1300 casualties and four brigades in rout
The French lost 100 cavalry.

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