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Thursday, December 10, 2015

30 March 1813 – Battle of Benavente

Tactical map of battle area

Background to battle
French attack Benavente
British – 12000 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
French – 16000 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
Table at start of wargame
French arrive at the start of move 1
British reach the town first, and send two brigades to garrison
Leading French brigade has entered the town
A second is approaching on the right
Both corps have deployed facing each other
Both artillery are concentrating their fire on the town
No casualties on either side yet

The prolonged infantry skirmish inside the town proves ineffective
Artillery also fires on the reserves in the town, but to no effect.
Both sides send reinforcements in
Stewart orders his infantry in the town to attack the French
The British win the first round, the French retire with 20% casualties
The French reserve brigade counter attack and win the second round
1st British brigade rout with 30% casualties, the reserve brigade join them.

With half of his infantry in rout Stewart orders the rest of his corps to retreat
The British have lost 1200 infantry and two brigades in rout
The French have lost 1200 infantry

The French win

Battle Summary
The French outnumber the British with four infantry brigades to three
However the British arrive at Benavente first and occupy the town
Both sides deploy south of the town and advance their artillery to open fire
The guns concentrate on the town, but cause no casualties
The French send two brigades into the town
The British send a second brigade in
Despite a prolonged skirmish battle neither side can gain the advantage
At 7pm Stewart orders his infantry to advance and charge the French
The British win the first round of melee and the French retire shaken
The reserve French brigade counter charge
They rout the disordered 1st British brigade
The reserve 2nd British brigade are broken and join the rout
With half of his infantry in rout Stewart orders the rest of his corps to retreat
The French have won the battle with a loss of 1200 infantry casualties
The British have also lost 1200 casualties, but also have two brigades in rout

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