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Tuesday, December 8, 2015

30 March 1813 – Battle of Morales

Tactical map of battle area

Background to battle
3 British corps attack Morales and pin 13 French corps
British – 11600 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns
French – 16000 infantry, 1000 cavalry, 30 guns

13 French can move no further than F02 (because of difficult terrain)
When 3 British enter E01 they would be in the French “no mans land”
The French cannot escape, they are pinned and must fight

Table at start of wargame
3 British arrive start of move 1


The French reach the town first

Two brigades are sent to hold it
The remainder of the corps deploy south of the town
The British deploy and send two brigades towards the town
French artillery open fire and hit the leading brigades
The British pass their morale test with 10% casualties


French now have three brigades in Morales

One is ordered to leave the town and threaten the British left flank
British artillery continue to pound garrison, who make morale with 10% casualties
Two British brigades advance and skirmish western wall of town

British artillery and skirmish fire rout both brigades in Morales
Highland brigade deploy to meet French attack from the north

With the loss of two brigades the French abandon Morales and retreat

The battle is a British victory
The British have lost 400 infantry
The French have lost 1200 infantry and two brigades in rout

Battle Summary
The French reach Morales first
They send two brigades to garrison the town
The British infantry receive artillery casualties as they approach the town
Confident of victory the French commander orders a general advance
Two brigades are ordered to advance through the town
A third is ordered to move through the town and attack the British left flank
The British artillery open fire on the garrison at close range
Their infantry also skirmish with the garrison
The leading French brigade are shaken with 20% casualties
The second brigade is ordered to replace them
They receive further artillery casualties whilst disordered
Both brigades lose their morale and rout
With the loss of half of his infantry the French commander orders a general retreat
The French have lost 1200 casualties and two brigades in rout
The British have lost 400 casualties

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